The brain has many different parts that serve a variety of functions. However, there are four main lobes; frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe.
Frontal Lobe: The part of the brain that your memories are stored and is the source of your conscience (ie. the difference between good and bad).
Parietal Lobe: Its role is integrating sensory information from various parts of the body, knowledge of numbers and their relations, and manipulation of objects.
Occipital Lobe: Your main vision control and perception.
Temporal Lobe: Your main auditory control and perception but it also helps you form long term memories.